When Was the Bible Written? A Historical Perspective

7 min read

Have you ever wondered when the Bible was written? Who wrote the texts, which have inspired countless generations? In this blog post, we will discover the authors behind the Bible and its divine origin.

Who wrote the Bible?

The Bible is a collection of sacred texts that were written by various authors over a span of centuries. It is a compilation of books, letters, poems, and historical accounts that together form the foundation of Christian faith.

Divine Inspiration.

Before we delve into the human authors, it is essential to acknowledge the divine inspiration behind the Bible. Christians believe that the Bible is the Word of God, inspired by the Holy Spirit. While human writers played a critical role in its composition, the Bible’s ultimate authorship belongs to God Himself.

Human Authors.

In fact, the Bible was not composed by a single author. It was written by diverse group of individuals spanning various times, cultures, and backgrounds. Christians believe these authors were divinely guided, expressing their unique perspectives while being inspired by God’s revelation.


The Old Testament kicks off with the five books of Moses, known as the Pentateuch or the Torah. Moses, a prominent figure in Jewish and Christian traditions, is traditionally considered the author of these books. They include Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy, which lay the foundation for Israel’s history, laws, and covenant with God.

Prophets and Historical Figures.

Other books in the Old Testament were written by prophets, including Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel. These individuals were chosen by God to deliver His messages to the people of Israel. Their books contain prophecies, teachings, and historical accounts that provide insight into the relationship between God and His chosen people.

David and Solomon

The book of Psalms is a collection of hymns and prayers attributed to King David. He was known for his musical talents and his close relationship with God. Solomon, David’s son, is traditionally believed to be the author of the book of Proverbs. This book is full of wisdom and guidance for daily living.

New Testament Writers.

The New Testament focuses on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ and the early church. It was written by a group of individuals who either knew Jesus personally or were closely associated with His apostles. The four Gospels, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, provide different perspectives on Jesus’ life and ministry. The apostle Paul had a significant role in the development of early Christianity. He wrote several letters to the early Christian communities, which are now included in the New Testament.

When was the Bible written?

The Bible was written over a span of many centuries, with the earliest texts dating back to around 1200 BC. The Old Testament, also known as the Hebrew Bible, was mainly written between the 12th and 2nd centuries BC. The New Testament was written between the 1st and 2nd centuries AD.

How was the Bible written?

In ancient times, writing was primarily done on scrolls made from parchment, papyrus, or other materials. These scrolls were often handwritten using ink and quills or reeds.

In fact, the process of writing the Bible involved a combination of personal experiences, oral traditions, and divine inspiration. The authors drew upon their own knowledge, understanding, and relationship with God to convey His message to the world. They were not merely copying down God’s words verbatim. Rather, they were writing from their own perspective while being guided by the Holy Spirit.

Why was the Bible written?

The Bible was written for several reasons. First and foremost, it was written to convey God’s message to humanity and to reveal His plan for salvation. The Bible serves as a guide for moral and spiritual living. It provides instructions on how to have a relationship with God and live according to His will.

The Bible was written to preserve the history and traditions of the Jewish people. And to record the life and teachings of Jesus Christ. It serves as a record of God’s interactions with humanity, showcasing His faithfulness, grace, and love throughout history.

The Bible also serves as a source of encouragement, comfort, and guidance for believers. It contains promises, wisdom, and stories of hope that can inspire and uplift individuals in their faith journey.

Furthermore, the Bible was written to address specific issues and challenges faced by the early Christian communities. The letters and epistles were written to provide guidance, correction, and encouragement to these communities. They dealt with theological questions, moral dilemmas, and practical concerns too.

When did the Bible first begin to be compiled?

The compilation of the Bible is a fascinating journey that spans thousands of years. While the process of compiling the Bible was a gradual one, it can be traced back to ancient times. Let’s delve into the timeline of how the Bible came to be!

The Old Testament

The earliest writings in the Old Testament can be traced back to around 1200 BC, during the time of Moses. Over the course of several centuries, additional books were added to the Old Testament, including historical accounts, poetry, wisdom literature, and prophetic writings. The process of collecting and preserving these texts was carried out by various individuals and groups, such as prophets, scribes, and religious leaders. The exact timeline and methods of compilation are not fully known, but it is believed that the process was completed around the 2nd century BC.

The New Testament

The New Testament, on the other hand, was compiled over a shorter period of time, primarily in the 1st century AD. This section of the Bible consists of writings that document the life, teachings, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ, as well as the early Christian community. The earliest writings in the New Testament are the letters of Paul, which were written around 50 AD. These letters were followed by the four Gospels, which were written between 70-90 AD. The remaining books in the New Testament, including the Acts of the Apostles, the Epistles, and the Book of Revelation, were written in the latter part of the 1st century AD.

The process of compiling the New Testament involved collecting and verifying the authenticity of various writings that were circulating among early Christian communities. The criteria for inclusion in the New Testament were based on the writings’ apostolic origin, their conformity to orthodox Christian teaching, and their widespread acceptance among the early Christian communities.

How old is the Bible?

The Old Testament, also known as the Hebrew Bible, is believed to have been written between the 12th and 2nd centuries BCE (Before the Common Era).

The New Testament, which focuses on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ, was written in the 1st century CE (Common Era). So, The Bible is roughly 2,000 to 3,500 years old, depending on which part you are referring to. Its age reflects the rich history and wisdom that has been preserved within its pages.

When was the Bible officially accepted as the word of God?

The Bible, as we know it today, was not officially accepted as the word of God in a single definitive moment. Instead, its canonization was a gradual process that took place over several centuries.

In the early days of Christianity, various writings and scriptures were circulating among different Christian communities. These included the letters of the apostles, the Gospels, and other early Christian texts. However, it was not until the fourth century that the process of determining which books should be included in the Bible began.

In 325 AD, the Council of Nicaea, a gathering of Christian bishops, discussed the canonicity of various texts. While they did not make a final decision on the canon, they did affirm the divinity of Jesus and the importance of the Scriptures.

The Canonization Of The Bible

It was not until the late fourth century that the canon of the Bible started to take shape. In 367 AD, Athanasius, the Bishop of Alexandria, sent a letter to his fellow bishops listing the 27 books of the New Testament that are now accepted universally. This letter played a significant role in solidifying the New Testament canon.

In 393 AD, the Synod of Hippo in North Africa reaffirmed the canon of both the Old and New Testaments, which included the same books we find in our Bibles today. The decision of this synod was later confirmed by other church councils, including the Council of Carthage in 397 AD.

The Collective Process

It is important to note that the acceptance of the Bible as the word of God was not determined by a single individual or group, but rather through a collective process involving various councils and communities of believers. This process ensured that the books included in the Bible were considered to be divinely inspired and held authority in the Christian faith.


The Bible is a product of both divine inspiration and human involvement. While God’s guidance and revelation are the ultimate source of its content, various human authors were chosen and inspired to write down the timeless words that have impacted countless lives. The Bible’s diverse group of writers reflects the inclusiveness and universality of its message, making it a relevant and influential text for people of all cultures and backgrounds.

Download Glorify app

Try Glorify for free today!

Download now!